Blog Posts (392)

We have goals, purposes, focuses, reasons to write about Ethiopian laws and our Legal System. Do you have something to write?, then you are welcome! 

Introduction Burden of proof in tax disputes could rest either on the tax payer or on the tax authority or sometimes both could bear the burden of proof. For instance under the United States and Canadian tax laws the primary burden of producing an adequate evidence to rebut the assessment or decision of the tax authority rests on the tax payer. On the other hand countries like Sweden, Netherlands and Spain in their tax laws share the burden of proof in tax disputes between the…
Introduction Ethiopia is host to the Second Largest refugee population in Africa. With over 905,000 refugees, the majority originating from South Sudan, Somalia, Eritrea, Yemen, Sudan, and others. Most of the refugees in Ethiopia are located in Gambella Regional State, Tigray Regional State, Somali Regional State, Addis Ababa, Afar Regional State, and Benishangul-Gumuz Regional State. Most of the host regions are the least developed regions in the country, characterized by harsh weather conditions, poor infrastructure, extremely low capacity, high levels of poverty and poor development…
Introduction The outbreak of CODIV-19 has caused employment crisis worldwide as the virus is claiming thousands of lives and sickening a millions. The virus is causing global economic, social, health, and economic disruptions. The International Labour Organization has an estimate that up to 25 million jobs could be lost worldwide. In addition to the possible unemployment crisis, the safety and health of workers are at risk. Following the declaration of the virus as a Public Emergence of International Concern and pandemic by World Health Organization,…
In the first part I had discussed some issues under the draft proclamation. This includes arbitrability of administrative contract, competency-competency, separability doctrine, pauper proceeding, appeal and the standard to challenge the arbitrators. In this part, I will briefly discuss the role of the court in arbitration proceeding, the New York Convention and the nature and impartiality of the Center as envisaged under the draft proclamation. 1. The role of the court in arbitration proceeding:- In every jurisdiction there is a competing and conflicting interest of…
ዓለማችን ላይ የፈረንጆቹ 2020 የተወሳሰቡ ችግሮችን ይዞባት መጥቷል፡፡ ከቻይና ውሃን በትንሹ ተነስቶ በወራት ውስጥ ዓለምን ካዳረሰው የኮሮና ቫይረስ የሚስተካከል ችግር ግን ይመጣል ብሎ የገመተ አልነበረም፡፡ ይህ ቫይረስ በቀጥታ በሰው ልጆች ጤና እና ህይዎት ላይ እያሰከተለ ከሚገኘው ኪሳራ እና ውድመት በሚስተካከል ደረጃ ማህበራዊ እና ኢኮኖሚያዊ ችግሮችንም እያስከተለ ይገኛል፡፡ ከአሜሪካ ስቶክ ማርኬት እስከ ኢትዮጵያ አየር መንገድ፤ ከአውሮፓዊያኑ የንግድ ልውውጦች እስከ ኢትዮጵያ የአበባ ንግድ፤ ከካናድ የጥራጣሬ ግብይት እስከ አዲስ አበባ የአትክልት ተራ ንግድ ድረስ ብዙ መመስቃቀሎችን እያስከተለ ይገኛል፡፡ በዚህ መመሰቃቀል ውስጥ ብዙ አካላት ተጎጂ የሚሆኑ ቢሆንም በተለያዩ ሁኔታዎች…
Due to the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak in Ethiopia, Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed announced the government’s decision to close schools and the banning of all sports events and large public gatherings for the next fifteen days. The decision was made after the government has confirmed a total of five cases on Monday, March 16, 2020. Going forward, the government is expected to take measures, which will have an adverse effect on the constitutional and legislative rights of health professionals, customs officers and the general…
Introduction When we come to commercial dispute which arise out of not respecting contractual obligations by one or more parties, settlement of dispute through court come in the for front. However, the existing Ethiopian court system is extremely sluggish, rigid and expensive. On the contrary arbitration is praised for its speedy proceeding, flexible process, confidentiality of the proceeding, finality of dispute which ultimately saves time and money. Although there are some critics against the heart of the system, arbitration stands out as one of the…
Introduction The century we are living in is the age of information and communication technology. Increased use of these electronic communications improve the efficiency of commercial activities, enhances trade connections and allows new access opportunities for previously remote parties and markets, thus playing a fundamental role in promoting trade and economic development, both domestically and internationally. Commerce is the exchange of goods and services. It can be either conventional or electronic. The conventional commerce is the exchange of goods and services with the physical…
The House of Peoples Representatives has approved the infamous Excise Tax Proclamation (The Proclamation) last Thursday, February 13, 2020. Within hours from the approval of the proclamation, Ministry of Revenues have written a letter to manufacturers of excisable goods stating that the proclamation will be implemented starting from February 14, 2020, which in effect violates both the FDRE Constitution and Negarit Gazeta Establishment Proclamation. The proclamation has not yet been published in the Negarit Gazeta and there are notorious discrepancies between the Amharic and English…
ለአንድ ሀገር ሰላም፣ ዲሞክራሲ፣ የሕግ የበላይነትና ፍትሕ መረጋገጥ እንዲሁም ሰብዓዊ መብቶች መከበር በሕግ አግባብ የተቋቋሙ ገለልተኛ፣ ነፃ፣ ተጠያቂነት ያለባቸው እና በሕዝብ ዘንድ አመኔታን ያተረፉ ፍርድ ቤቶች ሚና የጎላ እንደሆነ አያጠያይቅም፡፡ ያለሕግ እና ያለፍርድ ቤቶች ሰላም፣ ዲሞክራሲ፣ የሕግ የበላይነትና ፍትሕ በአንድ ሀገር ውስጥ ይኖራል ብሎ መገመት አይቻልም፡፡ እነዚህ ፍርድ ቤቶች አሁን ባለው የሀገራችን ሕገ-መንግሥት ነፃ ሆነው መቋቋማቸውን እና በሀገሪቱ ውስጥ በፌዴራልም ሆነ በክልል ግዛቶች ሥር ብቸኛው የዳኝነት አካል እንደሆኑ ሕገ-መንግሥታዊ ማረጋገጫ አግኝተዋል፡፡ በዚህም አግባብ ሥራቸውን እያከናወኑ ይገኛሉ፡፡ በሰዎችም መካከል አለመግባባት ሲፈጠር በሰላማዊ መንገድ በስምምነት፣ በድርድር ወይም…
1. Introduction Risk is part of every human endeavor. From the moment we get up in the morning, drive or take public transportation to get to school or to work until we get back into our beds (and perhaps even afterwards), we are exposed to risks of different degrees. What makes the study of risk fascinating is that while some of this risk bearing may not be completely voluntary, we seek out some risks on our own (speeding on the highways or gambling, for instance)…
ስለ ዜግነት አዎጁ በፃፍኩት ጽሑፍ ላይ አቶ ግዛዉ ለገሰ የተባሉ የሕግ ባለሙያ የፃፉት ምላሽ ደርሶኝ ተመለከትኩት፡፡ (የአቶ ግዛው ለገሰ ጽሑፍን ለማግኘት ይህንን ይጫኑ፡፡ ) በመጀመሪያ ጸሐፊው የሕግ ባለሙያ እንደመሆናቸውም ብሎም ጽሑፉን ያወጡት እሳቸው ስላልተስማሙበት የሕግ ጽሑፍ ምላሽ ለመስጠት እንደ መሆኑ አቶ ጀዋር መሐመድን ለመደገፍ አልፃፍኩትም ለማለት አቶ ጀዋር የራሱ ጉዳይ ብለው ጽሑፉን መጀመራቸው፤ በጽሑፉ ውስጥ ለተነሱ እያንዳንዱ ክርክሮች ተገቢውን የሕግ ክርክር ከማንሳት ይልቅ በአመዛኙ በተራ የአዋቃለሁ ባይነት ጉራ ተሞልተው እኩይ ሴራ የሚሉ ያልተገቡ ቃላቶች መጠቀማቸው ብሎም በጽሑፉ ውስጥ ለድምዳሜቸው ማስረጃ አድርገው ስላቀረቡት የሕግ ግምት (presumption…
ሰሞኑን የአቶ ጀዋር መሐመድን ኢትዮጵያዊ ዜግነት መልሶ የማግኘት ጉዳይ በኦፌኮ እና በምርጫ ቦርድ መካከል ክርክሮችን ማስነሳቱን በተለያዩ ማህበራዊ ሚዲያዎች እየሰማን እንገኛለን፡፡ በመሆኑም የዜግነት ሕጉ ኢትዮጵያዊ ዜግነት መልሶ ስለማግኘት ስላሰቀመጣቸው ቅድመ ሁኔታዎች እና ዜግነት መልሶ ማግኘት ስለሚረጋገጥበት መንገድ ያለኝን መረዳት ለማካፈል ወደድኩኝ፡፡ አቶ ጀዋር መሐመድ አስቀድመው የኢትዮጵያ ዜጋ የነበሩ በመሆናቸው ነገር ግን በሕግ ዜግነታቸውን ከቀየሩ በኋላ መልሰው ዜግነታቸው እየጠየቁ በመሆኑ ለዚህ ጉዳይ ተገቢነት ያለው ድንጋጌ ስለዜግነት የሚደነግገው የአዋጅ ቁጥር 378/96 አንቀፅ 22 እና 23/2/ሐ ነው፡፡ በዚህ መሠረትም ኢትዮጵያዊ የነበረ ነገር ግን በሕግ የሌላ ሀገር ዜግነት…